//Pandemic, Monday 12 October

Pandemic, Monday 12 October

Japan

Population 127 million

Cases, 89,650

Deaths, 1,631

Brazil

Population, 201 million

First case recorded in March

Cases, 5, 094, 979

Third highest after US and India

Deaths, 150, 488

Second highest globally after US

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-latin-america-54496354

Bolsonaro, no problem, he did not feel a thing

little flu

Oppose lockdown, prioritise economy

Many people ignored restrictions

Four times more cases in slum areas

Daily number of new cases has been slowly falling since summer

Colombia

Population, 50 million

Cases, 911, 317

Deaths, 27, 834

US

Current cases

https://covid.cdc.gov/covid-data-tracker/#trends_dailytrends

Hospital data

https://gis.cdc.gov/grasp/COVIDNet/COVID19_3.html

Midwest and North East

Wisconsin

Stay home avoid public gatherings

Increasing drive through testing

Oklahoma

Chelsea PD closed

Every officer tested positive

All quarantined

Arizona

Population, 7.3 million

https://people.com/health/arizona-coronavirus-cases-down-75-percent-after-mask-mandates-closed-bars/

https://thehill.com/changing-america/well-being/prevention-cures/520340-arizona-saw-a-75-percent-drop-in-coronavirus

Low rates of infection, March, April and May

mid-May, Gov. Doug Ducey

we are clearly on the other side of this pandemic

End of June, hospitals very busy

Local mask mandates started June

Ducey closed all bars, gyms, water parks, movie theaters

Cases down 75% in a month

CDC

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6940e3.htm

Widespread implementation and enforcement of sustained community mitigation measures

Mask wearing

Public informed by state and local officials

Continual data monitoring and collaboration

Help prevent transmission

Decrease the numbers of cases

Texas

Rice Houston

Tents

Students and staff tested every week

Positivity rate, 0.1%

Houston, 5.8%

20 million dollars

UK

Cases, + 13,864 + 15,166 + 12, 880 (Sunday)

Deaths, + 81

Tracker app

Cases, + 24,233

Current, 818, 544

https://covid.joinzoe.com/data#levels-over-time

https://coronavirus.data.gov.uk/cases

Hospitalisations

https://coronavirus.data.gov.uk/healthcare

BBC

Safe distanced interviews in studios

BCG vaccination to reduce the impact of COVID-19 in healthcare workers (The BRACE Trial)

https://medicine.exeter.ac.uk/research/healthresearch/primarycare/brace/

https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(20)31025-4/fulltext

UK trial

BCG Vaccination to Protect Healthcare Workers Against COVID-19 (BRACE)
International Brace-study

Australia, Netherlands, Spain, Brazil

N = 10,000

Netherlands

Population, 17.3 million

Cases, 187, 288

Deaths, 6, 654

https://www.rivm.nl/en/news/number-of-newly-reported-infections-rises-by-more-than-60-accompanied-by-increase-in-hospitalisations

16 – 22 September

Cases, + 13,471 in the week

Third week in a row with a major increase in infections

Percentage of positive, significantly higher, 6.1%

Wearing of face masks strongly advised (2nd October)

https://www.government.nl/latest/news/2020/10/02/wearing-of-face-masks-strongly-advised

After saying they don’t work

In all indoor public places

Car share

Not mandated

Mandated

Schiphol Airport

Public transport

Private commercial transport

Must have symptoms to get a test

Delays for testing

Concerns

Hospital admissions, intensive care admissions and deaths

Most hospitalisations, past week, 55 to 84 years

Dogs are brilliant

https://www.msn.com/en-gb/kids/other/it-s-a-game-for-them-scientists-around-the-world-are-teaching-dogs-to-sniff-out-covid-19/ar-BB19T0IL?ocid=spartan-dhp-feeds

Diseases smell

X 10,000

Malaria, bacterial infections, cancers

London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine

Medical Detection Dogs

U.K. government-funded study

University of Pennsylvania.

James Logan (LSHTM’s Department of Disease)

We’re not just doing the proof of concept work

we’re also working out actively how to deploy this and scale it up as well

because we want to hit the ground running once we’ve gotten our results

Socks

Germany, schnüffelnder hunde

83% detection rate

4% false positives

(84% and 2% for rapid antigen tests)

Dogs diagnose in seconds

Helsinki-Vantaa Airport