//US, UK and viral survival on skin

US, UK and viral survival on skin

Survival of SARS-CoV-2 and influenza virus on the human skin: Importance of hand hygiene in COVID-19 (Clinical Infectious Diseases, 3rh October, Accepted manuscript)

https://academic.oup.com/cid/advance-article/doi/10.1093/cid/ciaa1517/5917611

What is the stability of SARS-CoV-2 on the human skin?

We evaluated the stability of:

SARS-CoV-2

Influenza A virus (IAV)

Mixed with culture medium or upper respiratory mucus

Results:

SARS-CoV-2 became inactive in 9.4 hours

IAV became inactive in 1.82 hours

Both became inactive more quickly than on other surfaces (stainless steel/glass/plastic)

Both became inactive in 15 seconds, on skin, with 80% ethanol

Conclusions:

The 9-h survival of SARS-CoV-2 on human skin may increase the risk of contact transmission in comparison with IAV

thus accelerating the pandemic

Proper hand hygiene is important to prevent the spread of SARS-CoV-2 infections

US

World meter data

https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/country/us/

Cases, + 57,327 = 8,466,069

Recovered, 5,512,225

Deaths, + 422 = 225,411

Cases, + 733,000 in the last two weeks

https://www.nbcnews.com/health/health-news/covid-19-testing-lags-cases-increase-across-united-states-n1243946

The Covid Tracking Project

https://covidtracking.com

Cases, + 25 % in 30 states and territories in past 2 weeks

States where testing rates have fallen as cases have risen

Past 2 weeks

Kentucky
Nevada
Iowa
Massachusetts
Wisconsin
Arkansas

US COVID hospitalisations as of 10th October

https://gis.cdc.gov/grasp/COVIDNet/COVID19_3.html

UK

https://coronavirus.data.gov.uk/cases

Cases, + 18,804 + 21,331 = 762,542

Deaths, + 80 + 241 = 43,967

Deaths, + 343 (week) = 58,164

World’s largest ongoing Symptom study

https://covid.joinzoe.com/data#levels-over-time

Cases, + 33,705

Active cases, 419, 858

https://covid.joinzoe.com/post/case-rising-steadily-and-rapidly-in-the-north-of-england

North of England

13,361 antigen recent swab

This week’s data

North West, Cases + 7,313 (per day)

North East and Yorkshire Cases, + 5,762

South West +1,279

East of England +1,356

South East +1,417

Tier 3 restrictions

Predictions can be made up to ten days before confirmed tested cases

Burnley and Manchester
Newcastle upon Tyne
Nottingham
Bury
Hartlepool
Salford
Sheffield
Leeds

Tim Spector

The data is no longer showing the exponential increases that we were seeing a couple of weeks ago

but is clearly showing new cases continuing to rise

The North West, most cases, doubling times of around 10 days

Scotland, Wales, London, Midlands, doubling time of 14-28 days

South and East of England, relatively flat, five-fold fewer cases than the worst hit regions

Hospitalisations

https://coronavirus.data.gov.uk/healthcare

Wales

Population 3.1 million

R = 1.1 and 1.4

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-wales-54598136

Short, sharp national lockdown from Friday, 6 pm until 9 November.

Firebreak

23rd October, from 6 pm to 9th November

17 days

Stay at home except for very limited reasons, such as exercise

Work from home if possible

Must not visit other households, or meet other people they do not live either indoors and outdoors

All non-food retail will shut, and cafes, restaurants and pubs will close

Takeaway only unless they provide delivery or takeaways

Hotels, hairdressers and beauticians will have to shut

Visitors from any part of the UK not allowed until 9th November

Schools

Primary schools will reopen after the half-term break

Secondary schools shut

Gatherings indoors and outdoors with people not in your household will also be banned

First Minister Mark Drakeford

time-limited firebreak

a short, sharp, shock

to turn back the clock

slow down the virus and buy us more time

this is our best chance of regaining control of the virus and avoiding a much-longer – and damaging – national lockdown

Without action the NHS would not be able to cope

Face masks still requiring in public places indoors

Time for:

More test and trace staff

Catch up on contacts already identified

Netherlands

October 13th Positive tests, 13.8% (239,639 tests)

Dutch hospitalisations

https://coronadashboard.government.nl/landelijk/ziekenhuis-opnames