//US and Europe, increases

US and Europe, increases

UK

https://covid.joinzoe.com/data#levels-over-time

https://coronavirus.data.gov.uk/details/cases

Sunday, 10th Jan 2021

Cases, 60,916 + 62,322 + 52,618 + 68,053 + 59,937 = 3,017,409

Hospitalised, + 3,600 + 3,876 + 4,051 = 32,294 (ventilated, 3,098)

Deaths, + 1,041 + 1,162 + 1,325 + 1,035 = 80,868

Vaccination

$1 billion (€ 818 million) raised for vulnerable countries

Pledged £548 million (€608 million) to COVAX

One billion vaccine doses to 92 developing nations

Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab

We’ll only be safe from this virus, when we’re all safe — which is why we’re focused on a global solution to a global problem

Germany, Canada and Japan

HMQ (94) and D of E (99) vaccinated

Prince Charles and Princess Anne, polio vaccine, 1950s

Matt Hancock, delighted

We are defeating this virus jab by jab

First dose, 1,296,432

Second dose, 21,313

200,000 per day

Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA), Pfizer-BioNTech, Oxford-AstraZeneca, Moderna, NIH

Pope Francis (84)

https://www.dw.com/en/coronavirus-digest-pope-calls-covid-vaccine-aversion-suicidal-denial/a-56183628

Will get vaccinated next week

Urged people to get the injection

There is a suicidal denial which I cannot explain, but today we have to get vaccinated

I believe that ethically everyone should take the vaccine

It is an ethical choice because you are gambling with your health, with your life, but you are also gambling with the lives of others

United States

https:/covid.cdc.gov/covid-data-tracker/#trends_dailytrendscases

https://covidtracking.com

https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/2020/national/coronavirus-us-cases-deaths/?itid=lk_inline_manual_5

Cases, + 214,378 + 243,346 + 266,197 + 264,879 = 21,902,011

Up 14.2% in 7 days

Testing, + 1,605,799 + 1,914,839 + 2,015,473

Up 4.9% in past 7 days

Hospitalizations, 130,781 (23,718) (7,791)

Up 5.7% in past 7 days

Deaths, 363,598

Up 19.2% in past 7 days

CDC updates, expands list of people at risk of severe COVID-19 illness

https://www.cdc.gov/media/releases/2020/p0625-update-expands-covid-19.html

Over 42 % of U.S. residents are obese

Defined as a body mass index of 30 or higher

Over 9%, are severely obese

Defined as a BMI of 40 or more

California

Deaths, + 695

Newsom’s Volunteer program, 95,000 down to 14

Belgium

Population 11.5 million

Cases, 662,694

Deaths, 20,038

Belgium counts all deaths of people who have had a positive Covid-19 test

Death rate, 1,725 per 100,000 people

Deaths in care homes, 10,270 (December 18)

France

Population, 67 m

Cases, 2,825,063

Deaths, 67,734

New UK variant found in Marseille

Marseille, Strasbourg and Dijon, curfew from 6 p.m. 6 a.m.

Denmark

Population, 5,792,202

Cases, 180,915

Deaths, 1,543

Foreigners need a negative COVID-19 test within 24 hours

Germany

Population, 83,783,942

Cases, + 16,946 = 1,908,527

Deaths, + 465 = 40,343

Cuba

Population, 11.4 million

Cases, 14,188

Deaths, 148

Cases doubled since November

Testing a vaccine in Iran

N = 50,000

State run Finlay Vaccine Institute (IFV) with the the Pasteur Institute of Iran

Full transfer the technology

Supreme leader has banned imports of UK and US vaccines

Israel

Population, 8,655,535

Cases, 487,680

Deaths, 3,651

Four cases of the South Africa variant

Several cases of the UK strain

Above the age of 60, over 70% first dose

Benjamin Netanyahu has had two doses

All Israelis, vaccinated within two months, no later than the end of March

Australia

Queensland

No community transmission for 100 days

Current active cases, 20 in the state.

First green flight, Auckland to Brisbane Airport

Airport segregated

SARS-CoV-2 Transmission From People Without COVID-19 Symptoms
(JAMA, 7th January)

US CDC based meta analysis

https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamanetworkopen/fullarticle/2774707?utm_source=For_The_Media&utm_medium=referral&utm_campaign=ftm_links&utm_term=010721

Importance

What are the drivers of infection?

Objective

Assess transmission via:

Presymptomatic, never symptomatic, and symptomatic

Results

Incubation period, a median of 5 days

Infectious period duration, 10 days

30% of individuals with infection never develop symptoms

75% of these are as infectious as symptomatics

Proportions of transmissions

From infected people who never develop symptoms, 24% of all transmission

From presymptomatics, 35% of all transmission

Therefore 59% of all transmission

Therefore 41% of all transmission from symptomatics

Conclusions and Relevance

Effective control of spread, reducing the risk of transmission from people with infection who do not have symptoms