This Space Weather News forecast sponsored in part by Millersville University:
Our Sun switches gears this week as the set of active regions that gave us some big flares and radio blackouts last week rotates to the Sun’s farside and a dark coronal hole begins to rotate into the Earth-strike zone. This means radio communications on Earth’s dayside will improve, and aurora possibilities on Earth’s nightside increase. Fast solar wind is expected to hit Earth starting around the 19th and could bring aurora down into mid-latitudes for a short while. Aurora photographers at high latitudes have a better chance as a glancing passage for a solar storm could enhance conditions starting even earlier, possibly by late on the 17th. GPS users should stay vigilant around dawn and dusk and anywhere near aurora over the next few days as it could impact signal reception. Lean the details of the coming fast solar wind and the glancing solar storm blow (the specific NASA solar storm model run I reference can be found here: https://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov/downloads/20221114_102400_2.0_anim.tim-den.gif ), find out where aurora may be visible, and see why amateur radio operators smile while GPS users stay cautiously optimistic this week.
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For a more in-depth look at the data and images highlighted in this video see these links below.
Solar Imaging and Analysis:
Flare Analysis: http://www.lmsal.com/solarsoft/latest_events/
Computer Aided CME Tracking CACTUS: http://www.sidc.oma.be/cactus/out/latestCMEs.html
GOES Xray: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/rt_plots/xray_1m.html
GONG magnetic field synoptic movie: https://gong.nso.edu/data/magmap/standard_movie.html
GONG magnetic field synoptic charts: http://gong.nso.edu/data/magmap/
LMSAL Heliophysics Events HEK http://www.lmsal.com/isolsearch
DISCOVR solar wind: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/products/real-time-solar-wind
ACE Solar Wind: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/products/ace-real-time-solar-wind
NASA ENLIL SPIRAL: https://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov/IswaSystemWebApp/iSWACygnetStreamer?timestamp=2038-01-23+00%3A44%3A00&window=-1&cygnetId=261
NOAA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/products/wsa-enlil-solar-wind-prediction
Magnetosphere, Ionosphere, Atmosphere:
GOES Magnetometer: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/products/goes-magnetometer
Ionosphere D-Region Absorption (DRAP) model: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/products/d-region-absorption-predictions-d-rap/
Radio Propagation: https://www.tvcomm.co.uk/g7izu/atlantic-mf-hf-propagation-20min-persistence/
Near-Earth radiation environment: https://spaceweather.gfz-potsdam.de/products-data/forecasts
Auroral Oval Ovation Products: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/products/aurora-30-minute-forecast
Global 3-hr Kp index: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/products/planetary-k-index
Wing Kp index prediction: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/products/wing-kp
USGS Ground Magnetometers: http://geomag.usgs.gov/realtime/
USGS Disturbance Storm-Time (Dst): http://geomag.usgs.gov/realtime/dst/
NAIRAS Radiation Storm Model: http://sol.spacenvironment.net/raps_ops/current_files/globeView.html
Multi-Purpose Space Environment Sites:
Definition of Geomagnetic Storm, Radiation Storm, and Radio Blackout Levels:
None of this would be possible without the hard work and dedication of those who have provided all of this data for public use.
Images c/o NASA/ESA/CSA (most notably the superb SDO, SOHO, ACE, STEREO, CCMC, JPL & DSN teams, amazing professionals, hobbyists, institutions, organizations, agencies and amateurs such as those at the USAF/HAARP, NICT, NOAA, USGS, Environment Canada, Natural Resources Canada, Intellicast, Catatania, rice.edu, wisc.edu, sonoma.edu ucalgary.ca, rssi.ru, ohio-state.edu, solen.info, and more. Thanks for making Space Weather part of our every day dialogue.