This Space Weather News forecast sponsored in part by Millersville University:
This week our Star continues firing on all cylinders as over half of the nine active regions in Earth-view are either big-flare players or solar storm producers. the short-duration flares we enjoyed last week have given way to longer-duration flares that accompany solar storm launches. As such we now have one partly-Earth-directed solar storm that will graze Earth sometime around the 19th. Slow traffic in the solar wind ahead will likely cause a pileup before the storm arrives so effects at earth could begin as early as January 18. Aurora photographers at high-latitudes should get a sustained show that could last through the 20th. Aurora is also possible to mid-latitudes, but more sporadically. Amateur radio operators should rejoice this week as solar flux has now topped a new record, crossing over the 200-mark for the first time since Solar Cycle 25 began. Propagation will be excellent, despite the noise but long-duration R1 to R2-level radio blackouts will still be common on Earth’s dayside. GPS users at low latitudes should also be aware that as solar flux continues to increase, reception issues will worsen in the afternoon and early evening. Since issues are cumulative, GPS reception can be especially problematic near dawn and dusk when solar flares are also occurring. Learn the details of the coming solar storm, watch how radio blackouts from the big-flare players impact our communications, and find out what else our Sun has in store.
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For a more in-depth look at the data and images highlighted in this video see these links below.
Solar Imaging and Analysis:
Flare Analysis: http://www.lmsal.com/solarsoft/latest_events/
Computer Aided CME Tracking CACTUS: http://www.sidc.oma.be/cactus/out/latestCMEs.html
GOES Xray: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/rt_plots/xray_1m.html
GONG magnetic field synoptic movie: https://gong.nso.edu/data/magmap/standard_movie.html
GONG magnetic field synoptic charts: http://gong.nso.edu/data/magmap/
LMSAL Heliophysics Events HEK http://www.lmsal.com/isolsearch
DISCOVR solar wind: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/products/real-time-solar-wind
ACE Solar Wind: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/products/ace-real-time-solar-wind
NASA ENLIL SPIRAL: https://iswa.gsfc.nasa.gov/IswaSystemWebApp/iSWACygnetStreamer?timestamp=2038-01-23+00%3A44%3A00&window=-1&cygnetId=261
NOAA ENLIL SPIRAL: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/products/wsa-enlil-solar-wind-prediction
Magnetosphere, Ionosphere, Atmosphere:
GOES Magnetometer: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/products/goes-magnetometer
Ionosphere D-Region Absorption (DRAP) model: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/products/d-region-absorption-predictions-d-rap/
Radio Propagation: https://www.tvcomm.co.uk/g7izu/atlantic-mf-hf-propagation-20min-persistence/
Near-Earth radiation environment: https://spaceweather.gfz-potsdam.de/products-data/forecasts
Auroral Oval Ovation Products: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/products/aurora-30-minute-forecast
Global 3-hr Kp index: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/products/planetary-k-index
Wing Kp index prediction: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/products/wing-kp
USGS Ground Magnetometers: http://geomag.usgs.gov/realtime/
USGS Disturbance Storm-Time (Dst): http://geomag.usgs.gov/realtime/dst/
NAIRAS Radiation Storm Model: http://sol.spacenvironment.net/raps_ops/current_files/globeView.html
Multi-Purpose Space Environment Sites:
Definition of Geomagnetic Storm, Radiation Storm, and Radio Blackout Levels:
None of this would be possible without the hard work and dedication of those who have provided all of this data for public use.
Images c/o NASA/ESA/CSA (most notably the superb SDO, SOHO, ACE, STEREO, CCMC, JPL & DSN teams, amazing professionals, hobbyists, institutions, organizations, agencies and amateurs such as those at the USAF/HAARP, NICT, NOAA, USGS, Environment Canada, Natural Resources Canada, Intellicast, Catatania, rice.edu, wisc.edu, sonoma.edu ucalgary.ca, rssi.ru, ohio-state.edu, solen.info, and more. Thanks for making Space Weather part of our every day dialogue.